Collaboration and Teamwork: Why It Matters

Some level of collaboration between health care providers is necessary in any health care setting. In hospitals, careful coordination of services between nurses, nursing assistants, physicians, and a variety of health care professionals must occur around the clock.

Collaboration involves coordination of individual actions, cooperation in planning and working together, and sharing of goals, planning, problem-solving, decision-making, and responsibility.

The Importance of Teamwork

Nurses and physicians spend a lot of their time communicating and coordinating care
Higher ratings of teamwork associated with higher nurse retention
Higher ratings of teamwork associated with higher patient satisfaction
Higher RN ratings of collaboration associated with lower mortality

Teamwork Core Components

Component Definition
Team leadership Effectively directs team member activities
Mutual performance monitoring Ability to monitor teammate performance
Backup behavior Anticipate others’ needs
Adaptability Adjust strategies based on new information
Team orientation: Team goals more important than individual goals